Enneagram Type 8: The Leader

The Challenger

Triad: Gut

Purpose: Leadership

Quest: To be self-reliant, in control

Lesson: Surrender



Values: Strength, power

Talent: Management

Challenge: Lust for power

Fear: Submitting to others

Childhood parental dynamics: Ambivalent to mother


Healthy: Assertive, confident, strong, “can-do” attitude, inner drive, ambitious, natural leader, decisive, authoritative, commanding, provider, sponsor, promoter, masterful, courageous, protective, enterprising, entrepreneur

Average: Direct, skeptical, self-sufficient, forceful, empire builder, power broker, proud

Unhealthy: Controlling, insensitive, domineering, self-centered, aggressive, rebellious, egocentric, arrogant, confrontational, belligerent, bullying, defiant, adversarial, threatening, oppressive, ruthless, violent, immoral, hardhearted, dictatorial, tyrannical, delusional ideas of grandeur/omnipotence/ invincibility, reckless, vengeful, brutal


Roles: CEO, military commander, father archetype

Examples: Fidel Castro, Muammar Qaddafi, Martin Luther King, Mao Tse-tung, Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Al Capone, Lee Iacocco, Sean Penn, Johnny Cash, Darth Vader


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